Archive for August 9th, 2010

Slain American Volunteers Were Devoted to Service

By Laura King and Ashley Powers for The Los Angeles Times

They were a disparate group of American altruists who had long cared for the poor and ailing, thrown together on a mission to provide medical help in the most daunting and needy of places.

Last week, the six Americans were among 10 volunteers shot to death in a remote swath of Afghanistan while returning from an aid mission, a tragic end to their years of risk-laden service in the war-ravaged and impoverished nation.

Tom Little, for one, remained in Afghanistan through its brutal civil war in the 1990s, talking his way through checkpoints manned by various ethnic militias, and saving the lives of co-workers who might otherwise have been dragged from the car and killed.

Colorado dentist Thomas Grams often traveled with a bodyguard and told friends how he’d persuaded a tribal leader to bring his mother in for a dental exam by agreeing that she’d peel back as little of her burka as possible.

“He was just there out of kindness,” Katy Shaw, a friend of Grams, said Sunday, her voice catching. “I can’t get my arms around why someone would do that to a group of people trying to be helpful.”

The Taliban has claimed responsibility for the ambush in a rugged, isolated valley, which also killed two Afghan men, a German woman and a British woman working with the International Assistance Mission. The Taliban accused the Christian group’s volunteers of proselytizing and spying for Western military forces, which the charity vehemently denied.

The charity team, which had been providing eye care and other health services to villagers, had hiked over a steep mountain pass into neighboring Nuristan province, where insurgents had been battling Afghan and Western forces. Police theorized that the assailants might have followed them back from there.

Two other Afghan members of the group escaped the massacre: an interpreter who had left before the ambush and a driver who told police he recited verses from the Koran as he pleaded for his life. Afghan authorities are still questioning the driver about his account of the incident, and police said it would take two days for investigators to reach the scene of the killings.

The Western military condemned the attack as part of a pattern of insurgent behavior that exacerbated the suffering of Afghan civilians.

“This is something the Afghan population has to face,” said Brig. Gen. Josef Blotz, a spokesman for NATO’s International Security Assistance Force. “Because of these brutal, indiscriminate and absolutely deranged tactics and activities of the Taliban, international aid workers and nongovernmental organizations can’t do their job, which is so necessary for this country.”

The bodies of the slain American volunteers were flown by helicopter to the Afghan capital on Sunday from Badakhshan province, in Afghanistan’s northeast, the U.S. Embassy said. FBI agents in Kabul helped identify the victims and aid groups released most of their names. One American had not yet been publicly identified.

“We are heartbroken by the loss of these heroic, generous people,” U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said in Washington.

Even before deplaning in Afghanistan, the team’s members had devoted themselves to helping the world’s most destitute. Grams, 51, was a prime example.

In 2001, he became the first dentist to join a volunteer group in Denver that whisks teams of dentists around the world. At weeklong clinics, they provided children free cleanings, fillings, extractions and tooth-brushing lessons — always without toothpaste, in case the villagers ran out.

Tall, blondish “Doctor Tom,” who usually manned the first of six chairs, stuck out among his thousands of Indian and Nepalese patients. But he’d put them at ease by pulling down his mask and sharing a toothy grin.

“In America, the view is that the dentist gives you pain,” said Laurie Mathews, Global Dental Relief’s director. “In these countries, he only relieves pain.”

Grams so enjoyed aid work that, a few years back, he gave up his dental practice. He’d also started traveling to Afghanistan periodically with other charity groups. It was no surprise to Mathews that Grams ended up in one of the country’s far-flung corners: Once, to treat patients on Mt. Everest, they’d hauled dental equipment to a Buddhist monastery on rented yaks.

“His life mattered,” Mathews said. “He is defined by more than how it ended.”

Another victim, Cheryl Beckett, 32, was a former senior class president in Ohio with a sharp sense of humor and a strong Christian faith, said her grandmother Jean Fink. Both characteristics helped the aid worker power through the last six years, with Beckett educating Afghan villagers in nutritional gardening and mother-child health, and herself in the local languages.

She had this love for the people and she immersed herself in their culture,” Fink said. “Cheryl was as beautiful inside as she was outside.”

Since 2008, Glen Lapp, a former nurse and real estate agent from Pennsylvania, had helped manage a program that delivered eye care to Afghanistan’s remote areas. In a report for the Christian aid group Mennonite Central Committee, he’d written that workers must continue “treating people with respect and with love and trying to be a little bit of Christ in this part of the world.”

“He just had a real sense of peace … toward the Afghan people,” said John Williamson, a fellow relief worker who talked to Lapp last month. Lapp, 40, told Williamson that he believed the country’s security situation was improving, and that he had high hopes for peace.

The British victim, Karen Woo, had given up a private medical practice in London to work in Afghanistan on mother-child health.

The deaths rattled the tightknit world of Afghanistan aid groups, which had already been struggling to weigh a deteriorating security situation against enormous humanitarian needs.

“People would walk long distances, sometimes carrying the old and sick on their backs, to see the doctors, getting glasses, treatment and minor surgery,” Kate Clark of the Afghanistan Analysts Network wrote in a eulogy for the victims. “And many considered blind, literally getting their sight back.”

Two of the victims — Little, a 61-year-old optometrist, and his longtime associate Dan Terry, 64 — were both fathers of three, and both had worked in Afghanistan for decades and were fluent in Dari. The men told friends that, over time, they’d made peace with the battle-scarred country’s inherent dangers.

In the dingy halls of the Kabul eye hospital where the bespectacled Little spent much of his working life, the sorrow was palpable. Co-workers and patients paid emotional tribute to a man they described as kind, caring and determined to aid Afghans whose eye ailments might otherwise have condemned them to a lifetime of misery and poverty.

“God only knows why anyone would hurt them,” said a woman named Bibi Sheerrin, who was recovering from cataract surgery. “They were trying to help us.”

Pakistan Flood Crisis Bigger Than Tsunami, Haiti: UN

As reported by The Associated Press

ISLAMABAD: The number of people suffering from the massive floods in Pakistan could exceed the combined total in three recent megadisasters – the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the 2005 Kashmir earthquake and the 2010 Haiti earthquake – the United Nations said Monday.

The death toll in each of those three disasters was much higher than the 1,500 people killed so far in the floods that first hit Pakistan two weeks ago. But the Pakistani government estimates that over 13 million people have been affected – two million more than the other disasters combined.

The comparison helps frame the scale of the crisis, which has overwhelmed the Pakistani government and has generated widespread anger from flood victims who have complained that aid is not reaching them quickly enough or at all.

”It looks like the number of people affected in this crisis is higher than the Haiti earthquake, the tsunami or the Pakistan earthquake, and if the toll is as high as the one given by the government, it’s higher than the three of them combined,” Maurizio Giuliano, spokesman for the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, told The Associated Press.

The UN has provided a lower number of people who have been affected in Pakistan, about 6 million, but Giuliano said his organization does not dispute the government’s figure. The UN number does not include the southern province of Sindh, which has been hit by floods in recent days, and the two sides have slightly different definitions of what it means to be affected.

The total number of people affected in the three other large disasters that have hit in recent years is about 11 million – 5 million in the tsunami and 3 million in each of the earthquakes – said Giuliano.

Many of the people affected by the floods, which were caused by extremely heavy monsoon rains, were located in Pakistan’s northwestern province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Rescue workers have been unable to reach up to 600,000 people marooned in the province’s Swat Valley, where many residents were still trying to recover from an intense battle between the army and the Taliban last spring, said Giuliano. Bad weather has prevented helicopters from flying to the area, which is inaccessible by ground, he said.

”All these people are in very serious need of assistance, and we are highly concerned about their situation,” said Giuliano.

Hundreds of thousands of people have also had to flee rising floodwaters in recent days in the central and southern provinces of Punjab and Sindh as heavy rains have continued to pound parts of the country.

One affected resident, Manzoor Ahmed, said Monday that although he managed to escape floods that submerged villages and destroyed homes in Sindh, the total lack of government help meant dying may have been a better alternative.

”It would have been better if we had died in the floods as our current miserable life is much more painful,” said Ahmed, who fled with his family from the town of Shikarpur and spent the night shivering in the rain that has continued to lash the country.

”It is very painful to see our people living without food and shelter,” he said.

Thousands of people in the neighboring districts of Shikarpur and Sukkur camped out on roads, bridges and railway tracks – any dry ground they could find – often with nothing more than the clothes on their backs and perhaps a plastic sheet to keep off the rain.

”I have no utensils. I have no food for my children. I have no money,” said Hora Mai, 40, sitting on a rain-soaked road in Sukkur along with hundreds of other people. ”We were able to escape the floodwaters, but hunger may kill us.”

A senior government official in Sukkur, Inamullah Dhareejo, said authorities were working to set up relief camps in the district and deliver food to flood victims.

But an Associated Press reporter who traveled widely through the worst-hit areas in Sindh over the past three days saw no sign of relief camps or government assistance.

The worst floods in Pakistan’s history hit the country at a time when the government is already struggling with a faltering economy and a brutal war against Taliban militants that has killed thousands of people.

The US and other international partners have stepped in to support the government by donating tens of millions of dollars and providing relief supplies and assistance.

But the UN special envoy for the disaster, Jean-Maurice Ripert, said Sunday that Pakistan will need billions of dollars more from international donors to recover from the floods, a daunting prospect at a time when the financial crisis has shrunk aid budgets in many countries. – AP

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